Spittlebugs cause sporadic damage to warm-season turf grasses. The nymphs feed from inside conspicuous masses of frothy white spittle formed in the turf. Adults are dark colored with two reddish stripes across their back.
Whiteflies are small hemipterans that typically feed on the undersides of plant leaves. They tap into the phloem of plants, introducing toxic saliva and decreasing the plants’ overall turgor pressure.
Winterkill is a general term that is used to define turf loss during the winter. It can be caused by a combination of factors including crown hydration, desiccation, low temperatures, ices sheets and snow mold.